Case based reasoning applied to medical diagnosis using multi-class classifier: A preliminary study

  • D. Viveros-Melo Universidad de Nariño
  • M. Ortega-Adarme Universidad de Nariño
  • X. Blanco Valencia Universidad de Salamanca
  • A. E. Castro-Ospina Tecnológico Metropolitano
  • S. Murillo Rendón Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
  • D. H. Peluffo-Ordóñez Universidad Técnica del Norte
Keywords: Case based reasoning, High dimensionality, Variable selection.

Abstract

Case-based reasoning (CBR) is a process used for computer processing that tries to mimic the behavior of a human expert in making decisions regarding a subject and learn from the experience of past cases. CBR has demonstrated to be appropriate for working with unstructured domains data or difficult knowledge acquisition situations, such as medical diagnosis, where it is possible to identify diseases such as: cancer diagnosis, epilepsy prediction and appendicitis diagnosis. Some of the trends that may be developed for CBR in the health science are oriented to reduce the number of features in highly dimensional data. An important contribution may be the estimation of probabilities of belonging to each class for new cases. In this paper, in order to adequately represent the database and to avoid the inconveniences caused by the high dimensionality, noise and redundancy, a number of algorithms are used in the preprocessing stage for performing both variable selection and dimension reduction procedures. Also, a comparison of the performance of some representative multi-class classifiers is carried out to identify the most effective one to include within a CBR scheme. Particularly, four classification techniques and two reduction techniques are employed to make a comparative study of multiclass classifiers on CBR

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Published
2017-02-24
How to Cite
Viveros-Melo, D., Ortega-Adarme, M., Blanco Valencia, X., Castro-Ospina, A. E., Murillo Rendón, S., & Peluffo-Ordóñez, D. H. (2017). Case based reasoning applied to medical diagnosis using multi-class classifier: A preliminary study. Enfoque UTE, 8(1), pp. 232-243. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29019/enfoqueute.v8n1.141
Section
General Engineering