Denaturation of milk proteins and their influence on the yield of fresh cheese

  • Ana Mejía-López Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
  • Sonia Rodas Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
  • Darío Baño Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
Keywords: fresh cheese, performance, denaturation, heat treatment, milk

Abstract

To determine the denaturation of milk proteins by the effects of heat treatment on pasteurization and to establish their influence on the yield of the fresh cheese manufactured, 20 laboratory- scale controlled trials and 40 plant productions were made. Crude and treated milk was used at 65 ° C for 30 minutes, 72 ° C for 15 seconds and boiled for 2 seconds, and the protein was quantified in milk to calculate percent denaturation. In the cheese the moisture content was determined and the amount of cheese obtained was quantified. The data were processed by Tukey's mean analysis (p> 0.05). The results at the laboratory level showed that the increase in temperature caused higher denaturation of the proteins, a higher yield and an increase in moisture in the cheese compared to that obtained with raw milk. However, statistically the results showed that the heat treatment does influence the denaturation of the proteins but not the performance of the cheese. The results obtained in the factory investigation revealed that at 65 and 72 ° C the yield decreases relative to the production with raw milk, but statistically does not present significant differences in the yield, concluding that the pasteurization at different temperatures denature the protein But does not influence the performance of fresh processed cheese.

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Published
2017-03-31
How to Cite
Mejía-López, A., Rodas, S., & Baño, D. (2017). Denaturation of milk proteins and their influence on the yield of fresh cheese. Enfoque UTE, 8(2), pp. 121 - 130. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29019/enfoqueute.v8n2.162
Section
General Engineering