Software evaluation of the effectiveness of the seatbelt anchorages of a commercial bus seat according to regulation ECE R14
The seatbelt is an important element to keep the occupant subject to the seat during an accident. However, if the seatbelt anchorage does not resist the occupant during a crash, it is ejected from the seat. Therefore, it is essential to analyze its effectiveness. The purpose of this work is to assess the strength of the anchorages for safety belts of 2 and 3 anchorage points of a commercial bus seat, applying the Regulation of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE-R14). The materials properties of the seat structure and the belt anchorages were obtained by tensile and bending tests. A finite element model was created using Piecewise Linear Isotropic Plasticity from Ansys – LsDyna. The anchors were evaluated by applying forces on the pelvic and thoracic blocks fastened through the belt as specified in the regulation. In the analysis, the anchors presented large deformations reaching the rupture. Modifying the shape and position of the anchors and increasing structural reinforcements in high-stress areas, the anchors complied with the regulation. This work aims to create a methodology for the seating industry that allows assessing their models prior to homologations
Bank, W. (2015). Mortality caused by road traffic injury (per 100,000 people). World Development Indicators, 1, 2015.
Bastani, P., Heywood, J. B., & Hope, C. (2012). Us cafe standards. Retrieved from http://web.mit.edu/sloan-auto-lab/research/beforeh2/files/CAFE_2012.pdf
Heo, U., Kim, S.-K., Song, M.-J., Yang, I.-Y., & Im, K.-H. (2011). Effectiveness evaluation for seat parts by seat belt anchorage strength analysis. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 12(6), 1031–1034.
Huelke, D. F., & Compton, C. P. (1995). The effects of seat belts on injury severity of front and rear seat occupants in the same frontal crash. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 27(6), 835–838.
IEA. (2017). CO2 Emission from fuel combustion.
INEC. (2016). Compendio Estadístico, 1, 240–248.
ISO6892. (2016). Materiales metálicos. Ensayo de tracción. Parte 1: Método de ensayo a temperatura ambiente. ISO, 1, 2016.
Jung, H. J., Cho, Y. H., Lee, D. S., Oh, J. C., & Kwon, Y. D. (2012). a Study of Optimum Design and Analysis With D.O.E for Automotive Seat Frame. International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series, 6, 594–600. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2010194512003832
Kobayashi, S., Plotkin, S., & Ribeiro, S. (2009). Energy efficiency technologies for road vehicles. Energy Efficiency, 2, 125–137.
Li, Y., Peng, H., Rong, B., Men, Y., & Zhao, F. (2013). Analysis and Improvement for the Failure of Seat Belt Anchor of a Car Based on Simulation and Experiment. In Proceedings of the FISITA 2012 World Automotive Congress (pp. 717–731). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
NHTSA. (2015). Lives Saved by Vehicle Safety Technologies and Associated Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, 1960 to 2012. U.S. Department of Transportation, DOT HS 812, 525.
Ogundele, O. J., Ifesanya, A. O., Adeyanju, S. A., & Ogunlade, S. O. (2013). The impact of seat-belts in limiting the severity of injuries in patients presenting to a university hospital in the developing world. Niger Med J, 54(1), 17–21.
Olschinka, C., Schumacher, A., & Riedel, D. (2006). Dynamic Simulation of Flight Passenger Seats. In 5th LS-DYNA Anwenderforum (pp. 41–58). Retrieved from https://www.dynamore.de/de/download/papers/forum06/passive-safety/dynamic-simulation-of-flight-passenger-seats%5Cnhttps://www.dynamore.de/de/news/pressemitteilungen/pre2011/LS-DYNA-Conference-in-Ulm-was-great-success.-This
Patil, P. M., & Kumar, M. S. (2016). Lightweight Options for Seat Structure in a Bus. Journal of Advanced Engineering Research, 3(1), 72–77.
Shi, P., Wang, S., & Xiao, P. (2017). Strength Analysis on Safety-Belt ISOFIX Anchorage for Vehicles Based on HyperWorks and Ls-Dyna. In D. Liu, S. Xie, Y. Li, D. Zhao, & E.-S. M. El-Alfy (Eds.), Neural Information Processing (pp. 387–396). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Siwadamrongpong, S., Rooppakhun, S., Burakorn, P., & Murachai, N. (2013). Strength Analysis of the Seat Structure for Large Passenger Vehicles by Using Finite Element Method (Vol. 658, pp. 335–339). Trans Tech Publications.
UNECE. (2015). Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to safety-belt anchorages, ISOFIX anchorages systems, ISOFIX top tether anchorages and i-Size seating positions (2015/1406), 1.
Veeranjaneyulu, M., & Ravikanth, D. (2015). Impact Strength Analysis on Passenger Seat during Crash by Using Hyper Works. International Journal of Research, 2(10), 1084–1088.
Yuce, C., Karpat, F., Yavuz, N., & Sendeniz, G. (2014). A Case Study: Designing for Sustainability and Reliability in an Automotive Seat Structure. Sustainability, 6(7), 4608–4631.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 BY EC License.