Lean Manufacturing Tools Applied to Human Resource Management and its Impact on Social Sustainability
Keywords:Lean Manufacturing, Social Sustainability, Structural Equation Model, Human Resource Management, Improvement
This research reports a structural equation model relating Lean Manufacturing Tools associated with Human Resource Management to the benefits obtained in the maquiladora industry of Ciudad Juarez (México). A questionnaire is designed and applied to the regional industry to obtain information about the implementation levels regarding the A3 problem-solving: Decentralization and Multifunctional Working Groups and their relationship with Social Sustainability. The variables are related through six hypotheses validated with empirical information from 411 responses to the questionnaire, giving statistical validation. After quantifying the relationships, findings indicate that the relationship between Multifunctional Working Groups and A3 problem-solving is the strongest of the model. It is concluded that there is enough statistical evidence to state that these tools influence the Social Sustainability in Mexican maquiladora industries, so it is recommended that the Top Management focus its efforts on Human Resource Management to guarantee it, facilitating decision-making in the productive, reducing labor risks and increasing well-being.
A. Cherrafi, S. Elfezazi, A. Chiarini, A. Mokhlis, and K. Benhida, “The Integration of Lean Manufacturing, Six Sigma and Sustainability: A Literature Review and Future Research Directions for Developing a Specific Model,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 139, pp. 828-846, 2016/12/15/ 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.101.
M. Pagliosa, G. Tortorella, and J. C. E. Ferreira, “Industry 4.0 and Lean Manufacturing: A Systematic Literature Review and Future Research Directions,” Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 543-569, 2021, doi: doi.org/10.1108/JMTM-12-2018-0446.
A. Khalili, M. Y. Ismail, A. N. M. Karim, and M. R. Che Daud, “Critical Success Factors for Soft TQM and Lean Manufacturing Linkage,” Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 129-140, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85038963113&partnerID=40&md5=328afd5c3ea471f32015421760af3ec4.
J. L. García-Alcaraz, J. R. Díaz-Reza, J. L. Romero, E. Jiménez-Macías, C.J. Lardiés, M. A. Rodriguez Medina et al., “Lean Manufacturing Tools Applied to Material Flow and Their Impact on Economic Sustainability,” , Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 13, no. 19, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910599.
S. Ciannella and L. C. Santos, “Exploring the Influence of Lean Manufacturing Practices on Employee Social Sustainability,” Social Responsibility Journal, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1677-1691, 2022, doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/SRJ-06-2021-0229.
P. K. Chen, I. Lujan-Blanco, J. Fortuny-Santos, and P. Ruiz-De-arbulo-López, “Lean Manufacturing and Environmental Sustainability: The Effects of Employee Involvement, Stakeholder Pressure and ISO 14001,” , Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 12, no. 18, pp. 1-19, 2020, Art no. 7258, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187258.
M. Lande, R. Shrivastava, and D. Seth, “Critical Success Factors for Lean Six Sigma in SME’s (Small and Medium Enterprises),” TQM Journal., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 613-635, 2016, doi: doi.org/10.1108/TQM-12-2014-0107.
T. Małysa and J. Furman, “Application of Selected Lean Manufacturing (LM) Tools for the Improvement of Work Safety in the Steel Industry,”, Metalurgija, vol. 60, no. 3-4, pp. 434-436, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/256129.
F. E. Zanatta and J. C. E. Ferreira, “Deploying Strategies with Integrated Events in a Home Appliance Manufacturer: Application of FMEA Through Toyota Kata,” presented at the 7th International Conference on Machine Learning, Optimization, and Data Science, LOD 2021, 2022, Conference Paper. [Online]. Available: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-94399-8_32.
R. A. Clark. “Lean ManufacturingPrinciples for EMS Success,”https://pcb.iconnect007.com/index.php/article/43655/lean-manufacturing-principles-for-ems-success/ (accessed 5, 23).
S. F. Smith and J. E. Hynynen, “Integrated Decentralization Of Production Management: An Approach For Factory Scheduling,” presented at the Intelligent and Integrated Manufacturing Analysis and Synthesis. Presented at the Winter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers., New York, NY, USA, 1987, Conference Paper. [Online]. Available: https://books.google.com.mx/books?id=HUK4AAAAIAAJ.
I. Juárez. Infogramas,” IMMEX. https://indexjuarez.com/estadisticas/infograma (accessed Jun 2022, 2022).
S. Schretlen, P. Hoefsmit, S. Kats, G. van Merode, J. Maessen, and R. Zandbergen, “Reducing Surgical Cancellations: A Successful Application of Lean Six Sigma in Healthcare,” BMJ Open Quality, vol. 10, no. 3, p. e001342, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2021-001342.
A. Daly, N. Wolfe, S. P. Teeling, M. Ward, and M. McNamara, “Redesigning the Process for Scheduling Elective Orthopaedic Surgery: A Combined Lean Six Sigma and Person-Centred Approach,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211946.
R. v. d. Wetering, T. Hendrickx, S. Brinkkemper, and S. Kurnia, “The Impact of EA-Driven Dynamic Capabilities, Innovativeness, and Structure on Organizational Benefits: A Variance and fsQCA Perspective,” Sustainability, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105414.
J. W. F. C. v. Lieshout, J. V. D. Velden, R. J. Blomme, and P. Peters, “The Interrelatedness of Organizational Ambidexterity, Dynamic Capabilities and Open Innovation: A Conceptual Model Towards a Competitive Advantage,” European Journal of Management Studies, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/ejms-01-2021-0007.
C. Tasdemir and R. Gazo, ”Validation of Sustainability Benchmarking Tool in the Context of Value-Added Wood Products Manufacturing Activities,” Sustainability, 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082361.
S. H. Abdul-Rashid, N. Sakundarini, R. A. R. Ghazilla, and R. Thurasamy, “The Impact of Sustainable Manufacturing Practices on Sustainability Performance: Empirical Evidence from Malaysia,” International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOPM-04-2015-0223.
M. A. Alsaad, “Business Incubators: A Strategy for College Sustainability in Higher Education an Exploratory Study at Al-Kunooz University College / Basra,” Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.15640/jsbed.v9n1a1.
J. Sanchez-Gutierrez, J. Mejia-Trejo, J. A. Vargas-Barraza, and G. Vazquez-Avila, “Intellectual Capital, Impact Factor on Competitiveness: Manufacturing Industry SMEs in Mexico,”Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1-11, 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/MBE-12-2015-0059.
S. Z. Christopher, T. Siswantining, D. Sarwinda, and A. Bustaman, “Missing Value Analysis of Numerical Data Using Fractional Hot Deck Imputation,” in 3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences, ICICOS 2019, 2019: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICICoS48119.2019.8982412.
J. L. García-Alcaraz, D. J. Prieto-Luevano, A. A. Maldonado-Macías, J. Blanco-Fernández, E. Jiménez-Macías, and J. M. Moreno-Jiménez, “Structural Equation Modeling to Identify the Human Resource Value in the JIT Implementation: Case Maquiladora Sector,” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 1483-1497, 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-014-6561-5.
N. Kock, “Using WarpPLS in E-Collaboration Studies: What if I Have Only One Group and One Condition?,” International Journal of e-Collaboration (IJeC), vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1-12, 2013, doi: https://doi.org/10.4018/jec.2013070101.
N. Kock, “WarpPLS User Manual: Version 7.0,” Laredo, TX, USA: ScriptWarp Systems, 2021, p. 142. [Online]. Available: https://www.scriptwarp.com/warppls/UserManual_v_7_0.pdf.
Y. Huang, L. Wu, J. Chen, H. Lu, and J. Xiang, “Impacts of Building Information Modelling (BIM) on Communication Network of the Construction Project: A Social Capital Perspective,” Plos One, 2022, doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275833.
P. Benyahya and L. Macurová, “Utilization of Shop Floor Management as a Tool for Communication and Knowledge Sharing in the Framework of Lean Logistics: A Case Study,” Serbian Journal of Management, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/sjm16-25783.
R. Prusak and S. Jursová, “The Analysis of Selected Relationships Between Human Resource Management Style and the Effectiveness of Knowledge Management,” System Safety Human - Technical Facility - Environment, 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/czoto-2019-0110.
R. J. Baumgartner, “Sustainable Development Goals and the Forest Sector—a Complex Relationship,” Forests, 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020152.
D. Kociuba and E. Szafranek, “New Tool for Measuring Sustainable Development in Functional Urban Areas,” European Spatial Research and Policy, 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.25.2.04.
M. d. M. Miralles-Quirós, J. L. Miralles-Quirós, and L. F. Gonçalves, “The Value Relevance of Environmental, Social, and Governance Performance: The Brazilian Case,” Sustainability, 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030574.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International License.
The articles and research published by the UTE University are carried out under the Open Access regime in electronic format. By submitting an article to any of the scientific journals of the UTE University, the author or authors accept these conditions.
The UTE applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license to articles in its scientific journals. Under this open access license, as an author you agree that anyone may reuse your article in whole or in part for any purpose, free of charge, including commercial purposes. Anyone can copy, distribute or reuse the content as long as the author and original source are correctly cited. This facilitates freedom of reuse and also ensures that content can be extracted without barriers for research needs.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 BY EC License.
In addition, the journal Enfoque UTE guarantees and declares that authors always retain all copyrights to the original published works without restrictions [© The Author(s)]. Acknowledgment (BY): Any exploitation of the work is allowed, including a commercial purpose, as well as the creation of derivative works, the distribution of which is also allowed without any restriction.